Tanzania

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TANZANIA, A GREAT COUNTRY


Tanzania is a country in East Africa known for its vast wilderness. These include the plains of the Serengeti National Park inhabited by the "Big Five" (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhinoceros) as well as the Kilimanjaro National Park, home to the highest mountain in Africa.
Offshore are the tropical islands of Zanzibar, with Arab influences, including the island of Mafia, with a marine park welcoming whale sharks and coral reefs.

Tanzania is one of the favorite travel destinations for safari lovers. And you can understand this desire to visit: these vast expanses are populated by one of the largest concentrations of wild animals in the world. Zebras, wildebeest, monkeys, antelopes, lions, cheetahs, giraffes, buffaloes, gazelles, flamingos ... while falling face to face with the fauna of Tanzania, the traveler experiences above all the feeling of his smallness. This destination is a living treasure that explorers have always dreamed of seizing, formerly by means of a rifle, today by the more peaceful one of a camera. Indeed, visiting Tanzania is most often done through safaris. An economically poor country, battered by the opportunism of the colonial powers, Tanzania has some of the most beautiful animal reserves on the African continent. The Serengeti National Park, the Mount Kilimanjaro or the Ngorongoro crater quickly make you forget the sadness of the country's cities. The visitor will also be seduced by Zanzibar, the most famous of the islands off the coast of Tanzania: the only name of this former hub of the spice trade evokes the fragrance of the Persian baths, an exotic and colorful Orient, still found in the architecture of Stone Town.

Tanzania is the Africa of your dreams. A true cradle of humanity, blessed with majestic landscapes and idyllic beaches, Tanzania is undoubtedly one of the most romantic destinations in the world.
Meet the Maasai tribe on a trip to Zanzibar. Discover their lifestyle at the antipodes of Western culture.

Historical
Present Tanzania was born from the union of Tanganika and Zanzibar on April 26, 1964 shortly after their respective independence from the United Kingdom. It has been a member of the Commonwealth since the end of 1961 and of the United Nations since 1 December 1961.
On April 26, 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
The official languages ​​are Swahili and English but Arabic is also spoken especially in the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba.
Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordering the Indian Ocean, in the tropical part of the Southern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by Kenya and Uganda, on the west by Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, on the southwest by Zambia and Malawi and on the south by Mozambique. The country covers 945,087 km2 and has more than 51 million inhabitants in 2015, mostly Bantu.
Its capital is Dodoma, located inland, but the main economic hub is the former capital Dar es Salaam, located on the coast.
(Here is a link to find out about Tanzania: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanzania)

Geography
The Great Rift Valley traverses the western part of the country from north to south and hosts some of the great African lakes: Lake Malawi, Lake Rukwa, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Eyasi, Lake Manyara, Lake Natron, etc.
Tanzania has several volcanoes of which only one, the Ol Doinyo Lengai, is still active and another one is the highest point of the African continent, Kilimanjaro, with 5 892 meters of altitude. There are many natural parks such as the Huge terrain of Serengeti, Tarangire, Lake Manyara or the magnificent crater of N'Gorongoro, where you can have the chance to see lions, elephants, rhinos, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas, jackals, giraffes, hippopotamuses, crocodiles, etc. However, these protected areas are victims of poaching, which mainly targets elephants.
The country is very different from most African countries, with an Arab and Persian trading presence on its coasts, trade dating from the first centuries of the common era, and a city, Zanzibar, which for several hundred years dominated the country. economy of the whole region. A hub of the gold, ivory and slave trade, at the interface of the African, Arab and Indian worlds, its hinterland extends to Africa of the Great Lakes, nearly 1,000 km from distance. The arrival of Europeans in the wake of Vasco de Gama in the fifteenth century does not immediately replace this domination in question, they even offering new markets for a popular local commodity, clove.
The country is one of the top eight cotton producers in East, South and North Africa in the mid-2010s. It is the fifth most important African tea producer at the beginning of the 2010 decade. dominated by Kenya.

Air and sea transport
Tanzania has a well-established maritime tradition, with Zanzibar being for centuries the most important port on the African coast of the Indian Ocean; its hinterland stretched as far as the Congo Basin. Swahili merchants used dhows boats to trade along the coast, a tradition still alive today.
The national airline, Air Tanzania, connects the main cities of the country, and small private operators are starting to take an interest in some of these domestic routes. The three international airports are in Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro (Arusha) and Zanzibar.

Culture
Tanzania is largely influenced by the Swahili culture of Zanzibar. More generally, the country as a whole retains traces of the Arab presence, which spread along the caravan routes between the coast and the present Great Lakes countries at the end of the nineteenth century. This influence is reflected in different cultural aspects, such as architecture, clothing, and especially religion (about a third of the population is Muslim, the other two being Christian and animist).