Spread over 8,300km2, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a vast World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its geography is characterized by craters and dormant volcanoes in the east, and immense plains adjacent to those of Serengeti Park to the west.
The conservation area is especially unique because of its special status as a protected area where wildlife coexists with humans. The discovery of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is intimately linked to the proud Masai warriors dressed in their traditional clothes and armed with their only spear, whose hut villages surrounded by thorny shrubs dot the beautiful landscapes of the region.
The Ngorongoro crater is at the eastern entrance to the conservation area. Formed by the explosion of an active volcano as large as Kilimanjaro and the collapse of its cone, the crater now rises to 2,285 meters. It contains the largest caldera in the world with its 260 km2 and diameter of about 18 km. At its highest point, the edge of the crater dominates the bottom of more than 600 meters. The interior of the Ngorongoro crater is a veritable garden of eden where different African ecosystems coexist: grassy plains, alkaline lake, freshwater lake, acacia forest and wooded hills on its slopes. The Ngorongoro Crater has the largest animal concentration in the world with more than 25,000 mammals of 55 different species but also many bird species. Apart from giraffes, almost all species present in northern Tanzania can be observed there, even the timid rhinoceros most often seen from far away.
Enclosed somehow inside the crater, the permanent fauna of the crater of Norongoro can be discovered all the year.
Despite the increase in attendance, the Ngorongoro Crater remains for many the strongest experience of the trip both for its exceptional landscapes and the density of its wildlife. The crater tour is an essential stop before continuing further west to the Serengeti or, as part of a program limited to a few days, to the parks of the Arusha region. Note that the obligation to stay on the slopes sometimes makes it difficult to approach the animals and their observation. Conversely, the presence of wildlife near the tracks can lead to a high concentration of 4x4, especially in August.